When you create stored procedures, MS SQL Server does not really compile them and check them against the system catalog, as for example Oracle does.
This makes it nearly impossible for TSQL developers to make sure their code executes without faults in production environments.
My approach to check stored procedures is to execute them with all parameters set to NULL inside a transaction that will be rolled back after stored procedure execution.
BEGIN TRANSACTION EXEC (@storedproc) ROLLBACK TRANSACTION
However, when I ran the code in an actual development environment with lots of SPs (around 120), two problems occurred that needed to be dealt with:
- If any SQL statement run in Management Studio creates more than 100 result sets, you get the error message
- Therefore, we stored the results of analysed procedures in a temporary table, which needs to be created only once if it does not yet exist
- If you execute several stored procedures in a row, and each one probably has some imperfect transaction handling code, you need to make sure to rollback all open transactions.
/* DROP TABLE #p DELETE FROM #p */ SET ANSI_WARNINGS OFF IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#p') IS NULL CREATE TABLE #p ( ProcedureName sysname COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS, ErrorNumber int, ErrorSeverity int, ErrorState int, ErrorProcedure sysname COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS NULL, ErrorLine int, ErrorMessage NVARCHAR(2048) COLLATE Latin1_General_CI_AS ) DECLARE @proc sysname, @params VARCHAR(1000), @exec VARCHAR(1000) DECLARE c CURSOR for SELECT p.name, SUBSTRING(REPLICATE(', null', COUNT(pa.name)), 3, 1000) FROM sys.procedures p LEFT OUTER JOIN sys.parameters pa ON p.object_id = pa.object_id LEFT OUTER JOIN #p ON p.name = #p.ProcedureName WHERE p.name LIKE '%stored-procedure-name-filter%' AND #p.ProcedureName IS null GROUP BY p.name ORDER BY p.name OPEN c FETCH c INTO @proc, @params WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 BEGIN PRINT @proc WHILE @@TRANCOUNT > 0 ROLLBACK INSERT INTO #p (ProcedureName) VALUES (@proc) BEGIN TRANSACTION BEGIN TRY SET @exec = 'EXEC ' + @proc + ' ' + ISNULL(@params, '') EXEC (@exec) ROLLBACK TRANSACTION END TRY BEGIN CATCH WHILE @@TRANCOUNT > 0 ROLLBACK UPDATE #p SET ErrorNumber = ERROR_NUMBER(), ErrorSeverity = ERROR_SEVERITY(), ErrorState = ERROR_STATE(), ErrorProcedure = ERROR_PROCEDURE(), ErrorLine = ERROR_LINE(), ErrorMessage = ERROR_MESSAGE() WHERE ProcedureName = @proc END CATCH FETCH c INTO @proc, @params END CLOSE c DEALLOCATE c SELECT * FROM #p WHERE ErrorNumber IS NOT NULL AND ErrorNumber <> 515
Some final comments:
- I left the DROP and DELETE statements in TSQL comments to make it easier to clear or delete the temp table.
- The collation declarations are necessary for the JOIN condition if your working db and your temp db have different collations.
- If the script exits with the 100-result-sets error, rerun it until it only shows the check result for all stored procedures.
- ErrorNumber 515 is the error indicating a NULL value has been inserted into a not-nullable column. Since the script creates this error condition, we need not list it.
- Temp table name #p is used here for brevity. You should use a name which is never used as temp table in your TSQL code.